A denture is a dental prosthesis used as a replacement for a missing tooth.

Dentures are of two types, full dentures and partial dentures.

Full dentures replace a whole arch of teeth, top or bottom or even both arches.

Partial dentures replace single tooth or several teeth.

Dentures are either fixed or removable.

Removable dentures can be removed by the wearer at any time they want but the fixed dentures must be removed by a dentist.

It is important to get a denture fitted even for a single missing tooth.

Missing teeth may cause the jaw bone to atrophy. Dentures also prevent the remaining teeth from shifting in order to fill the gap left.

Drifting of teeth results in other gaps opening up between teeth. These narrow gaps may trap food that is difficult to remove. Trapped food can lead to gum disease.

A denture is customarily made of porcelain or acrylic resin

Acrylic resin is preferred over porcelain in many cases because of its strength and durability.

Porcelain is preferred for front teeth as it is more natural looking than the acrylic resin.

However, most partial dentures do not use porcelain because during chewing porcelain will cause damage to the natural teeth.

High quality acrylic resin dentures look like natural teeth and are now used instead of porcelain dentures to achieve the same effect.

The denture is mounted on a base made of plastic and metal which is to hold the denture in place while chewing.

The base is shaped in such a way as to conform to the wearer’s palate and gum.

A denture is custom made for every individual and is made based on factors such as the individual’s mouth shape and size, age, sex and skull size.

To get dentures, the dentist will first take an impression of the patient’s mouth.

The impression is used to make a cast. This is at first a preliminary cast.

After that a final cast of the patient’s mouth is made. The cast is usually made of gypsum.

The cast is then used to make the dentures

The acrylic resin mixture which is in liquid form is poured into the cast.

It is then heated so as to harden the acrylic resin.

Once it has hardened, it is cooled and then the cast is broken to reveal the dentures.

Dentures are made to look like natural teeth. Despite the fact that they look like natural teeth, they are not the same as natural teeth.

They may feel different and a person may need to get used to them before their speech can return to normal.

It is therefore a good idea to take care of your natural teeth to avoid the necessity of tooth extractions and a denture due to tooth decay.